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Патофизиология дыхания при ожирении

https://doi.org/10.18093/0869-0189-2021-31-6-808-815

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Ожирение в современном мире — важнейшая медико-социальная проблема, при которой требуется междисциплинарный подход ряда медицинских специалистов. Многие заболевания дыхательной системы (ДС) обусловлены именно развитием ожирения.

Целью обзора явился анализ данных научных источников открытого доступа электронных библиотек PubMed и eLibrary за последние 15 лет о нарушениях функции внешнего дыхания (ФВД) у пациентов с ожирением.

Методы. Проведена сравнительная оценка и систематизация полученных результатов научных работ по приведенной теме. Выделены механические воздействия избыточной массы тела на дыхательную систему, приведены современные представления о клеточных и гуморальных влияниях жировой ткани на развитие патологии органов дыхания.

Заключение. Получены убедительные данные о наличии многофакторного негативного влияния избыточной массы тела на аппарат дыхания, однако при развитии нарушений ФВД требуется дальнейшее изучение некоторых аспектов роли ожирения. Понимание патогенетических механизмов влияния ожирения на ДС необходимо для выработки дальнейшей стратегии ведения таких пациентов.

Об авторе

В. А. Сергеева
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования Саратовский государственный медицинский университет имени В.И. Разумовского Минздрава России
Россия

Сергеева Виктория Алексеевна - кандидат медицинских наук, доцент кафедры терапии с курсами кардиологии, функциональной диагностики и геронтологии.

410012, Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, 112; тел.: (8452) 51-15-34


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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Сергеева В.А. Патофизиология дыхания при ожирении. Пульмонология. 2021;31(6):808-815. https://doi.org/10.18093/0869-0189-2021-31-6-808-815

For citation:


Sergeeva V.A. Respiratory pathophysiology in obesity. PULMONOLOGIYA. 2021;31(6):808-815. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18093/0869-0189-2021-31-6-808-815

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ISSN 0869-0189 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9617 (Online)