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Пульмонология

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Флуимуцил и современная клиническая практика

https://doi.org/10.18093/0869-0189-2005-0-4-97-111

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Аннотация

Обзор формально посвящен одному из наиболее "старых" лекарственных средств – ацетилцистеину. Действительно, его клиническое применение охватывает более чем 30-летний период, в котором можно выделить несколько этапов в изучении механизмов его фармакологической активности. Особое внимание к нему было проявлено в связи с поиском антидотов при радиационном воздействии. Ацетилцистеин вошел в список жизненно необходимых лекарственных средств при радиационном поражении человека. Одним из важных этапов в исследовании его механизмов стало применение в области респираторной медицины. Так, исходно ацетилцистеин был предложен как секретолитик, регулирующий образование муцина и стимулирующий его транспорт по дыхательным путям. В последующем была открыта его способность снижать повреждение клеточных структур свободными радикалами. Дисбаланс в системе оксиданты–антиоксиданты играет ведущую патогенетическую роль при таких заболеваниях, как хроническая обструктивная болезнь легких (ХОБЛ), респираторный дистресс-синдром и некоторых других. Необходимо подчеркнуть, что ацетилцистеин с успехом применяется при инфекционных заболеваниях как верхних, так и нижних отделов дыхательных путей. Значительный прогресс был достигнут и при таких прогностически неблагоприятных заболеваниях, какими является разнообразная группа интерстициальных заболеваний легких.
Современный этап клинического применения охватил такие области как кардиология, диабетология, химиотерапия, трансплантация органов и тканей, токсикология и некоторые другие.
Читатель найдет в обзоре С.Ю.Чикиной новую информацию, которая позволит прийти к выводу о том, что ацетилцистеин, начиная с 70-х гг. прошлого столетия, всегда остается современным лекарственным средством.
Академик РАМН профессор А.Г.Чучалин

Об авторе

С. Ю. Чикина
ФГУ НИИ пульмонологии Росздрава
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Чикина С.Ю. Флуимуцил и современная клиническая практика. Пульмонология. 2005;(4):97-111. https://doi.org/10.18093/0869-0189-2005-0-4-97-111

For citation:


Chikina S.Yu. Fluimucil and recent clinical practice. PULMONOLOGIYA. 2005;(4):97-111. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18093/0869-0189-2005-0-4-97-111

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